What you should know and be able the future first-grader.
To be able to read and count is not the most important thing for the child. What should parents know?
Like every parent, you’re worried about whether the kid is ready to learn. Perhaps, because of continued employment on the work you relied on the skills development of the child in kindergarten. Those adults whose child did not attend pre-school educational establishments concerned and another important question: is it easy to be the kid in the peer group? Such concerns are relevant when children have a hard time adapting to unfamiliar people.
Unfortunately, some parents, asking themselves, whether the child is ready for school, mean quite different – whether he provided the necessary clothing and footwear, books and stationery, does he have a place to practice. It is clear that all this, too, should take care in advance. But, according to psychologists, almost all adults forget about the main thing: when a child completes the pre-school period, he finds himself in a much less forgiving big world.
September 1 of each “miracle baby” as if ejected from the parental home in a bustling school life. Your child was not in school and on the street as a helpless baby, and you don’t have to constantly interfere in his relationships with teachers, other boys and girls, you need to imagine that you and your child can expect in the near future.
What parents should be ready
Parents will like to get reacquainted with your child – with him soon, there will be such a huge change! A baby must make decisions and communicate with people.
Now he follows the rules and customs of the great world – school, the yard, the street. He receives a variety of assignments, doing some shopping. The child realises that the law – not only parental prohibitions, but the school rules, the rules of the road, install, adopted by the other children.
All that the child has previously been taken for granted, is now undergoing testing and comparisons. As growing familiarity with the norms of behavior, increases the temptation to break them – to skip a lesson, to not cross the street on transition to lash out, to fight with someone, etc.
A child in a new way begins to relate to her peers, “running” sharp corners. It can seriously suffer betrayal or alienation. Best friend suddenly gets another comrade, and, even if it is temporary, the pain of betrayal is acute and real.
School friends create a rich, rich and not always favourable emotional environment. The teacher enjoys a great reputation, partly taking the place of parents. So sometimes on the verge of a nervous breakdown, in the form of protests the child perceives “dishonest” treatment of him: “unfair Teacher!”, “She lied.”, “So unfair. “.
Together with the sense of justice arises and develops a more subtle sense – compassion (the desire to protect the weak, the willingness to endure certain trials and hardships for the sake of someone or something).
The child tends to regard the bravery and courage as a virtue, worthy of admiration and imitation, even if they manifest themselves in life-threatening forms, for example, to do something illegal, to leave or to get somewhere.
It is impossible to list all the transformations of the child, the potential dangers of first-grader. One thing is clear: you should equip his special knowledge, give it a socio-psychological trainings in real life.
The child has no way to distinguish truth from deception, a good man from a bad one – many phenomena in his view childishly distorted; he still believes in the existence of Santa Claus and the omnipotence of the parents.
However, crossing the threshold of the school, they’ll become the master of your life. And not so important, he will become an excellent student or a C student, leader or follower, the main thing – that he was physically and mentally healthy. In his mind should have been its own ways of behavior in different circumstances. At least, parents need certainty that the baby capable of survival in critical situations.
The summer before school – the best time to conduct socio-psychological training of the child. The topics of discussions and workshops can be about like this:
Teacher – an ordinary person, with strengths and weaknesses, likes and dislikes.
The main thing – not estimates, and knowledge.
Tell me who your friends are and I will tell you who you are.
What appliances and how you can enable.
How to use the Elevator and take the keys.
Behavior in extreme situations at home and on the street.
How to behave with strangers.
What to do if a vicious dog.
Safety rules on the roads.
Behavior in public transport, etc.
“the benchmark” first-grader
He knows and is able seven-year-old child? If you ask parents, you will hear a variety of answers: “Seryozha only counts to ten, but he knows the entire alphabet”; “Kate reads from the age of four, writes in block letters”; “Pavlik solves the problem, said to a thousand and back, but to put the letters into syllables can not” etc.
Among primary school teachers there are opposite points of view.
– do I Have something to teach the child to school? For example, to read and write?
– What you! In any case. All of this I teach kids in their own way, familiar, tried and tested method.
But there is another opinion. The teacher believes that the child, who up to this point has not been taught to read, write, count, suffers greatly in its development. So, one teacher prefers that the first grade children who know nothing and don’t know how, another, on the contrary, trying to take in his class is well prepared for school.
Really, who is right? Hope for parents whose child goes to school totally unprepared? Can you be calm and confident in the success of the parents whose daughter reads fluently and is well versed in mathematics? No true professional will give the exact answer to the questions posed. The development of the intellect of man – thin and somewhat mysterious process, is uncertain, depending on many implicit and invisible factors.
Remember yourself at the age of seven and their classmates. Maybe you don’t know what to read books and solve problems, but I finished school with excellent grades. And your friend was well prepared to study, but in her passport alone three.
Let’s sum up. Before the start of classes in the school few days left.
Your child: a) is not able to read, write, count, and b) well-read, write, count; C) partially able to do something. In any of the three options you – winner of the priceless treasures, ideal, “standard” first-grader. Treat it carefully, wisely, with love and understanding!
Approximate pedagogical parameters that determine the readiness of children for school.
everyday concepts about objects and phenomena of the surrounding world, the moral qualities of people, requirements, behavior;
representation of the variety and its designation numbers on the speech sound and its letter designation;
the ability to navigate in the particular circumstances of time and space.
Ownership of the system, various actions:
simple Executive movements;
labour and some educational activities on the basis of which skills are formed;
the intellectual methods of mental and psychic work – the ability to watch, to listen to the speech of another person, to concentrate, to learn and remember the content of the text, to perceive the school, to inhibit their desires and emotional impulses.
The presence of personal relationships to social phenomena:
a conscious desire to become a pupil;
the ability to distinguish right from wrong in human behavior;
the capacity to experience joy, compassion, indignation, etc. in relation to the actions of others;
The formation of cognitive attitude to:
the pursuit of teaching, learning everything new that is in school;
the interest and need for modern training, walks, games with peers.
Many parents, given my own personal experience and the opinions of reputable psychologists, care for comprehensive development of your child. They do not set specific goals, and a variety of ways to expand the horizons of the child, bind them to the values of art, sports, music, dancing, Hiking on nature shape his body and soul. If the kid has a desire to learn reading, writing, numeracy, it, the go forward, easy, fun, and calmly directing his efforts in the right direction.