The family Influence on the formation of the personality of the younger school student
Table Of Contents Introduction
Chapter 1. Theoretical foundations for the study of family influence on the formation of primary school children.7 – 44
1.1. The family and its social functions. 7 – 15
1.2. The role of parents in the formation of a child of primary school age..15 – 23
1.3. The impact of family conflict on the education of the younger Shkolnik – 29
1.4. Education of children in one-child, families with many children and incomplete families. 29 – 38
1.5. Errors of family education..38 – 44
Chapter 2. Experimental work the influence of family in shaping one’s personality younger shkolnica – 83
2.1. Characterization techniques experimental study of family influence on the formation of personality younger shkolnica – 65
2.2. Analysis of an experimental study of family influence on the formation of primary school children.65 – 83
Conclusion.84 – 86
List literature – 89
The education of the younger child was an important issue throughout the process of development of human society. Initially, it was limited to the transfer of experience, knowledge necessary for biological survival, and the development of relevant skills. In the process of evolution of human society to its goals, the funds have undergone radical changes, underwent a number of transformations. Nowadays more and more scientists, teachers, psychologists admit that all that is in the child – both good and bad – he takes from childhood. We cannot underestimate the influence of the environment, the people around at the little man, and especially great impact closest constituting immediate social circle.
A family is a special social environment. There are rules and norms of behavior, there may be a hierarchy within the family, child finds their first role models, sees the first people’s reactions to their actions. Not having any social or personal experience, the child is unable to assess either their behavior or the existence of personal qualities of others. He does not know what is good and what is bad, where white, and black where.
The child will grow, and formed his personality, moral values, moral standards will remain. They will be guided by an adult, going through the journey of life, sometimes making hard choices. The impressions received in childhood, sometimes further define the work of man, his way of life after the family transmits and cultural traditions, the experience of predecessors, which were developed over many years. People may long to forget some of his childhood experiences, but they remained in the sphere of the subconscious, you can remind yourself.
The problems of the family and family education interested people since ancient times. In the writings of the great thinkers of the past: Plato, Aristotle, J. A. Comenius, J. J. Russo – we find their attitude to the family as a factor of education, evaluation of its role in the formation and later in life. each person. In Russia this problem did such eminent scientists as N. And. Novikov, A. N. Radishchev, V. F. Odoevsky, A. I. Herzen, N. And. Pirogov, N. And. Bowker, K. D. Ushinsky, T. F. Lesgaft, L. N. Tolstoy, A. S. Makarenko, V. A. Sukhomlinsky. In our country the well-known study of peculiarities of formation of the personality of the child M. I. Buyanova, D. N. Dobrovich, S. V. Kovalev, L. M. Grassroots, N. In Bondarenko, V. I. Grebennikov, V. I. Titarenko.
Today, talking about family happiness, we mean strong, warm relationship between the spouses, a relationship based on mutual love. If you start working to change the world for the better with the reconsideration of their life, work on fixing their own flaws, creating a strong happy family and raise children in love and harmony, based on the capacity of members of the family will increase significantly, and together with them will penetrate all social institutions that affect our quality of life: in government, schools, businesses and organizations.
But before talking about the upbringing of a new harmonious personality, you should think whether you can educate such a person outside the atmosphere of love, trust, understanding and well-being.
In our work, we would like to highlight some aspects of this problem. We believe that the establishment of harmonious relations, a safe, caring and comfortable climate in the family should be the first focus of spouses and parents, as without this it is impossible the formation of a healthy personality of the child. Variations in family relations negatively affect the development of child’s personality, his character, self-esteem and other mental qualities; these children may experience various problems: a state of heightened anxiety, worsening school performance, difficulties in communication and many others. The family influence on the formation of a child is recognized by many educators, psychologists, psychotherapists, Psychoneurology.
Considering the above we have chosen thesis title: the Influence of the family on the formation of primary school children.
The research problem: what are the conditions of formation of the personality of the younger school student in the family.
The object of study: the personality of the younger school student in the family.
Subject of research: the process of identity formation the youngest student in the family.
Hypothesis: the atmosphere of family relationships is crucial to developing the child’s personality.
In accordance with above mentioned problem, the object, the subject of this research were set and solved the following tasks:
1. To characterize one-child, large families and single-parent families and the position of the child in them.
2. To examine the effect of family education on the formation of personality of younger students.
3. Selecting a set of techniques and conduct a pilot study to identify the dependencies of a child’s personality from the conditions of family upbringing.
For solving tasks were used the following research methods:
– the study of psychological, pedagogical, sociological literature on the research topic;
– observation of students during the course of study and extracurricular activities;
– interviews with the teacher, teacher GPA, parents and children;
methods of psychological research;
– drawing tests;
– questioning children;
– drafting of characteristics of students on the basis of analysis and generalization of the research results.
Thesis consists of introduction, two parts, conclusion chapters, conclusion, list of references, appendices.
The list of literature Analysis and theoretical treatment of the material in accordance with the theme of the thesis has allowed to prepare and conduct summative experiment, which consisted of 3 parts:
1. Study of the characteristics of personal and mental qualities of students of the experimental group.
2. Study the characteristics of family relations in families of students of the experimental group.
3. Analysis of the influence of indoor climate on the formation of younger students.
The experiment confirmed the theoretical assumptions and allowed to concretize symptoms of family influence on personality – characteristic environment of the child. The consequences of disharmony in family relations include the following:
– lowering your self-esteem;
– increased anxiety;
– difficulties in communication activities;
– neural disinhibition;