Preschool age is an important phase in the life and upbringing of children, which laid the basis for further comprehensive development of a child. This time of intense growth, brain development and all major body functions. At this stage in the upbringing of the child lays the main features of the character to determine the type of temperament of the child. There are four: sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic and melancholic. Child development is largely determined by what type gravitates his temperament. In pure form these types of the nervous system are very rare, but, as a rule, any child can be attributed to some kind of intermediate type with the approach to one of the main.
Particularly pronounced manifestations of the type of temperament are at the very youngest age, and largely determine the child’s upbringing. The type of the nervous system must be taken into account in the process of raising children. Moreover, in this age of targeted education and creating certain conditions may, within certain limits, to influence the manifestation of the characteristics of temperament, smooth some unwanted its manifestations and to send emotional development of the child in a favorable direction.